The Anointing of Jesus.2

The Anointing of Jesus

The anointing of Jesus occurred more than once. Although some people claim Jesus was only anointed once, the evidence points to more than one anointing. I know some people see contradictions in the Bible and so conclude that the Bible does not contain the truth. Before anyone concludes the Bible contains many errors when it comes to the anointing of Jesus, we must examine that evidence carefully. Therefore, I have constructed a chart of events for comparison across the four Gospel accounts.

 

Factor Luke 7  Matthew 26  Mark 14 John 12
Chronology Luke Chronological

(Luke 1:3)

 No Claim of Chronological Order  No Claim of Chronological Order  No Claim of Chronological Order
Time of Anointing No Mention, Except After City of Nain Restoration to Life and After Visit of Disciples of John the Baptist (Luke 7:11-35); Right before Jesus began Going from One City (“πόλει“) and Village (“κώμην”) to Another (Luke 8:1)  No Specified Date, But After Two Days the Passover is Coming and the Son of Man Is To Be Handed over for Crucifixion  (Matthew 26:2);Also after the Chief Priests and Elders of the People gathered in the Court of Caiaphas and Plotted the to Seize Jesus by Stealth and Kill Him (Matthew 26:3-4); Notice No time When Jesus in Bethany, but after the Two Days (Matthew 26:6); Jesus Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem Several Days before Anointing (Matthew 21:1-10)  No Specified Time (Notice the Time of Passover and Unleavened Bread Two Days Away Refers to Time the Chief Priests and the Scribes Were Seeking How To Seize Him by stealth and Kill Jesus, but they were Saying, Not During the Festival, for fear of a Riot among the People) (Mark 14:1-2); Anointing takes Place “While in Bethany” (Mark 14:3), apparently after Two Days above. Jesus Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem Several Days Before Anointing (Mark 11:1-11)  Jesus Came to Bethany Six Days Before the Passover (John 12:1); So They Made Him a Supper There (John 12:2); Jesus Entered Jerusalem (Triumphal Entry) the Next Day after Anointing (John 12:12).
Location Unknown City (“πόλει“); Last Known Location: City of Nain (Luke 7:11);  News of Jesus Went Out all over Judea in all the Surrounding District (Luke 7:17); Compare Village of Bethany (“κώμην”) (Luke 10:38)  Now When Jesus was in Bethany, Home of Simon the Leper (Matthew 26:6)  While Jesus in Bethany, at Home of Simon the Leper (Mark 14:3)  No Mention of Location; They Made Jesus a Supper (John 12:2)
City or Village Jesus went from One City (“πόλιν“) and Village (“κώμην”) to Another (Luke 8:1); Notice Luke Differentiated a Village (“κώμην”)  like Bethany from a City (“πόλιν“) where Simon the Pharisee Lived  When Jesus in Bethany

(Matthew 26:6)

While Jesus in Bethany

(Mark 14:3)

 Jesus Came to Bethany (John 12:1); They Made Him a Supper (John 12:2)
Current Relationship of Opponents with Jesus  Pharisees Enraged with Jesus after He Healed Withered Hand Man (Luke 6:11)  Elders and Chief Priests Plotting To Seize Jesus by Stealth and Kill Him (Luke 16:4)  Chief Priests and the Scribes Were Seeking How To Seize Him by Stealth and Kill Jesus, but they were Saying, Not During the Festival, for fear of a Riot among the People) (Mark 14:1-2)  Chief Priests and the Pharisees Convened a Council, Caiaphas Propesied and They Planned To Kill Jesus (John 11:47-53); Jesus No Longer Walked Publicly among the Jews (John 11:54); the Chief Priests and Pharisees Had Given Orders To Report Jesus’ Location So They Might Seize Him (John 11:57)
Request Pharisee Requested Jesus to Dine with Him; ; Seems Pharisee Did Not Invite Woman into His House (Luke 7:36-37)  No Mention of How Jesus Came To Be in House of Simon the Leper (Matthew 26:6)  No Mention of How Jesus Came To be in House of Simon the Leper (Mark 14:3)  No Mention of How Jesus Came To Be in the House (John 12:102)
 Martha No Mention No Mention No Mention Martha Was Serving (John 12:2)

 

Introduction to Woman with Ointment Woman Learned that Jesus There and Came To See Jesus (Luke Woman of the City Was a Sinner; Later, Luke Introduces Martha and Mary as New People, Who Live in Village of Bethany (Luke 10:38). Woman Came to Him (Matthew 26:7)  Woman Came (Mark 14:3)  Mary Took Pound of Perfume (John 12:3)
Character of the Woman Sinner (Luke 7:37 and 7:39); Many Sins (Luke 7:47); Mary Chose the Good Part with Jesus (Luke 11:42): Forgiven Much (Luke 7:47)  No Mention of Character of Woman  No Mention of Character of Woman  Mary Mentioned as Believing that Lazarus Would Not Have Died If Jesus Had Been Present Earlier (John 12:32); Already Well Known to Jesus from John 11 Resurrection of Lazarus, Her Brother
Action of Woman Began Kissing the Feet of Jesus as Soon as Jesus Entered ( Luke 7:45) Broke Vial over His Head (Mark 14:3)  Mary Anointed Feet and Wiped Feet of Jesus

(John 12:3)

Position of Woman Standing Behind Jesus, at His Feet (Luke 7:38)  No Mention  No Mention  No Mention
Tears Wet Jesus’ Feet with Her Tears (Luke 7:38);  No Mention  No Mention No Mention
Water Pharisee Gave Jesus No Water for His Feet (Luke 7:44)  No Mention  No Mention  No Mention
Hair Woman Wiped Feet of Jesus with Her Hair (Luke 7:38: Luke 7:44)  No Mention  No Mention  Mary Wiped His Feet with Her Hair (John 12:3)
Kissing Pharisee No Kiss for Jesus; Woman Kissed His Feet without Ceasing from Time Jesus Entered the House (Luke 7:38; Luke 7: 45)  No Mention  No Mention No Mention
Feet Wet Jesus’ Feet with Her Tears (Luke 7:38); Anointed His Feet with Perfume (“μύρῳ”).  No Mention  No Mention  Mary Anointed Feet of Jesus (John 12:3)
Head Pharisee Did Not Anoint Head of Jesus (Luke 7:46); No Mention of Woman Anointing Head of Jesus Woman Anointed Head of Jesus (Matthew 26:7)  Poured Perfume over Head of Jesus (Mark 14:3)  No Mention
Body No Mention of Perfume on Body of Jesus Poured Perfume on Body (“σώματός“) of Jesus (Matthew 26:12)  Prepared Body for Burial (Mark 14:8)  No Mention
 Reputation of Mary  Jews Consoling Mary when Lazarus Died (John 11:31)  None Mentioned  None Mentioned Very High from John 11 Passage
Action of Pharisee Simon Reproved Jesus for Not Knowing Woman Was a Sinner (Luke 7:38) and Allowing the Woman to Touch Him (Luke 7:39); Simon Talked to Himself about Jesus (Luke 7:39)

 

 No Pharisee Mentioned  No Pharisee Mentioned  No Pharisee Mentioned
Failures of Pharisee Simmon Failed To Identify Jesus (Luke 7:39); Simon Reproved Jesus (Luke 7:39); Simon Denied Jesus Was a Prophet (Luke 7:39); Pharisee Would Not Let Sinner Touch Pharisee (Luke 7:39); Simon Gave No Water for the Feet of Jesus (Luke 7:44); Simon Gave No Kiss When Jesus Entered Simon’s House (Luke 7:45); Simon Did Not Anoint Jesus’ Head with Oil (Luke 7:46);  No Pharisee Mentioned  No Pharisee Mentioned  No Pharisee Mentioned
Parable of the Debtor Jesus Taught Simon the Parable of the Debtor (Luke 7:40-50)  No Parable Mentioned  No Parable Mentioned No Parable Mentioned
Teaching of Jesus  Gracious Forgiveness of God and Love Dominate Account in Luke (Luke 7:42); Sinner Forgiven Much and Loved Much (Luke 7:47); Sinner Anointed Jesus; Sinner Forgiven by Jesus (Luke 7:50); Jesus Indicates Woman Now Has Saving Faith (Luke 7:50); Pharisee Unrepentant  Good Deed of Preparing Body of Jesus for Burial  Good Deed of Preparing Body of Jesus for Burial  Keep Burial Custom (“it’) and It is Good: Good To Prepare Jesus for Burial (John 12:7)
Simon Common Name: Peter (Mathew 4:18); Simon the Zealot (Matthew 10:4); Simon, Brother of Jesus (Matthew 13:66); Simon the Leper (Mathew 26:6; Mark 14:3); Simon of Cyrene (Matthew 27:32); Simon the Pharisee (Luke 7:40); Simon Iscariot (John 6:71);  Simon the Magician (Acts 8:9); Simon the Tanner (Acts 9:43);  Simon the Leper

(Matthew 26:6)

 Simon the Leper

(Mark 14:3)

 No Simon Mentioned
Alabaster Vial Alabaster Vial (“κομίσασα ἀλάβαστρον“) (Luke 7:38) Alabastar Vial (“ἀλάβαστρον“)  Alabastar Vial (“ἀλάβαστρον”)  No Alabastar Vial
Anointing Perfume (μύρου“) (Luke 7:37; Luke 7:46); Luke  Perfume (“μύρου”) (Matthew 26:7)  Perfume (“μύρου“); Pure Nard (“νάρδου πιστικῆς“)

(Mark 14:3)

 Perfume(“μύρου”) of Pure Nard (“νάρδου πιστικῆς“) (John 12:2); House Filled with Fragrance of Perfume (John 12:3)
Position of Jesus  Reclining at Table (Luke 7:37) Reclining at Table (Luke 7:37)  Reclining at Table (Mark 14:3)  Reclining at Table (John 12:2)
Cost  No Mention of Cost  Very Costly (“βαρυτίμου”)  Very Costly

(“πολυτελοῦς”)

(Mark 14:3); Three Hundred Denarii (Mark 14:5)

 Very Costly (“πολυτίμου”) (John 12:2); Three Hundred Denarii (John 12:5)
Weight  None Mentioned  None Mentioned None Mentioned  One Pound (“λίτραν”) (John 12:3)
Broke Vial None Mentioned None Mentioned Broke the Vial (Mark 14:3)  None Mentioned
 Judas Iscariot  Selected as Disciple (Luke 6:16); No Disciple Mentioned  Disciples Present; Judas Not Mentioned by Name Disciples Present, Judas Not Mentioned by Name  Judas Iscariot Intending To Betray Jesus (John 12:4)
Betrayal of Jesus No Mention No Mention No Mention Judas Intended to Betray Jesus (John 12:4)
Judas the Thief No Mention No Mention No Mention Judas Pilfered Money from the Money Box (John 12:6)
 Mary Magdalene Mary Magdalene Introduced as Woman From Whom Seven Demons Went Out (Luke 8:2)  No Mention Not Mention  No Mention
 Forgiveness of Sins Woman Forgiven for Her Many Sins (Luke 7:49)  No Mention Not Mention  No Mention
 Other Dinner Guests Other Dinner Guests at the Table with Jesus Question How Jesus Could Forgive Sins (Luke 7:49); M  Disciples only Disciples Only  Lazarus (John 12:2); Judas Iscariot (John 12:4); No Other Disciples Mentioned
Presence of Disciples No Disciples Mentioned  Disciples Mentioned Disciples Mentioned  Judas Only Disciple Mentioned as Present: Notice They Made “Him” Jeus (Singular) Supper, But Lazarus and Judas Iscariot Present Also, Perhaps Others
Reaction of Disciples No Mention of Disciples Disciples Indignant (“ἠγανάκτησαν”) with Waste (“ἀπώλεια”)(Matthew 26:8)  Disciples Indignant (“ἀγανακτοῦντες”) with Waste (“ἀπώλεια“)

(Mark 14:4)

 Only Judas Mentioned as Disciple; No Indignation Explicity Mentioned
Advice of Disciples No Mention of Disciples Sell Perfume for High Price and Give to the Poor (Matthew 26:9)  Sell Perfume and Give to Poor (Mark 14:5)  Judas Complained that Money Could Be Used for Poor (John 12:4-6)
Disciples Criticize Jesus No Mention of Disciples Disciples Called the Anointing a Waste of Money (Matthew 26:9)  Disciples Called the Anointing a Waste of Money 

(Mark 14:4)

 Judas Criticized Jesus for Anointing; He Wanted the Perfume Sold and Given to the Poor, and that Judas Might Pilfer Some of the Money (John 12:5-6)
Disciples Criticize Woman No Mention of Disciples Disciples Called the Anointing a Waste of Money (Matthew 26:9); Why Do You Bother the Woman (Matthew 26:10)  Disciples Were Scolding (“ἐνεβριμῶντο”) the woman (Mark 14:5)  Judas Criticized Mary for Anointing; He Wanted the Perfume Sold and Given to the Poor, and that Judas Might Pilfer Some of the Money (John 12:5-6)
Reaction of Jesus to the Disciples No Mention of Disciples Why do You Bother (“κόπους παρέχετε“) the Woman (Matthew 26:10)

 

Let Her Alone (“Ἄφετε αὐτήν”) (Mark 14:6); Why Do You Bother Her (“κόπους παρέχετε“) ? (Mark 14:6)  Jesus Confronted Judas: Let Her Alone (“Ἄφες αὐτήν“) (John 12:7)
Good Deed No Expression of Good Deed Jesus Said Woman Had Done a Good Deed (“ἔργον καλὸν“) to Jesus  She Has Done a Good Deed (“καλὸν ἔργον“) to Jesus (Mark 14:6)  No Good Deed Explicity Mentioned: Implied that Good Deed Was Prepared Jesus for the Day of His Burial (John 12:7)
Jesus Praises the Woman You Love Much, Having Been Forgiven Much; Your Faith Has Saved You Good Deed: Prepared Body for Burial (Matthew 26:12) Good Deed: Prepared Body for Burial (Mark 14:8)  Praise for Preparation of Jesus for the Day of Burial (John 12:7)
The Poor No Mention of the Poor Disciples Wanted Money for the Poor (Matthew ; Jesus Said Poor Always with Them;  Disciples Wanted Money for the Poor; Jesus said You Can Do Good to the Poor Always(Mark 14:7)  Judas Had No Concern for the Poor (John 12:6): Jesus Said Poor Always with You
Presence of Jesus No Promise of Presence You Do Not Always Have Me (“ἐμὲ δὲ οὐ πάντοτε ἔχετε“) (Matthew 26:11)  You Do Not Always Have Me (“ἐμὲ δὲ οὐ πάντοτε ἔχετε“) (Mark 14:7)  You Do Not Always Have Me (“ἐμὲ δὲ οὐ πάντοτε ἔχετε“) (John 12:8)
Preparation for Burial No Mention of Burial  She Prepared Jesus for Burial (Matthew 26:12)  She Anointed Body beforehand for Burial (Mark 14:8)  She Prepared for the Day of the Burial of Jesus (John 12:7)
Last Words to Woman from Jesus “Your Faith Has Saved You; Go in Peace”  Wherever Gospel Preached, Deeds of Woman Spoken in Memory of Her (Matthew 26:13)  Wherever Gospel Preached, Deeds of this Woman Spoken in Memory of Her (Mark 14:9)  “You Do Not Always Have Me” (John 12:8)