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Baptism in the New Testament
Jesus commanded His disciples to make disciples in all the world. As they made disciples, they were to baptize the converts and teach the converts all that Jesus had commanded them. Only believers in Christ should be baptized, because baptism expresses the saving faith of the person being baptized. As people forgiven by Jesus Christ, we should be careful to follow His example and commandments. Jesus ordained baptism, which identifies you as a Christian and proclaims your decision to follow Jesus Christ.
Authority of Jesus Christ
And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, ‘All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.’
In Matthew 28:18-20, we observe that Jesus had been crucified and resurrected. As He was about to ascend into heaven, He left final commands for His disciples. He started by saying that all authority in heaven and on earth had been give to Him. Then, Jesus commanded His disciples to go into all the world making disciples of the nations. Jesus commanded: “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit” Matthew 28:19. Notice that all believers must be baptized in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls.
After Jesus ascended into heaven, the disciples, then known also as the apostles, were gathered together in Jerusalem for the feast of Pentecost. The Holy Spirit came upon the apostles and the church was born. These apostles then preached in Jesus Christ to the crowds gathered in Jerusalem and thousands of people believed in Jesus Christ. The early church invited all believers to be baptized (Acts 2:38, 41) as a public proclamation of their faith in Jesus Christ as personal Savior (Romans 5:8-9).
Faith in Jesus Christ
And immediately there fell from his eyes something like scales, and he regained his sight, and he got up and was baptized;
The New Testament writers taught that only believers in Christ underwent baptism (e.g., Acts 2:38, 41, 8:12, 8:36-38, 9:18, 10:47, 16:14-15, 16:33, 18:8, 19:5). Baptism in the church occurred after personal salvation and only because of salvation. In other words, infants were not baptized (because they did not have saving faith), but rather new believers of all ages were baptized after they had been born again by faith (Acts 2:41; Ephesians 2:8-9; John 3:3). Believers are baptized because they have been saved from their sins and desire to identify themselves with Christ. The Ethiopian eunuch listened to Philip preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ to him, and then proclaimed his need for baptism (Acts 8:34-39). Immediately after believing, he received baptism. This pattern characterizes the practice of baptism immediately after salvation in the New Testament.
Baptism Proclaims Your Personal
Faith in Christ
As they went along the road they came to some water; and the eunuch said, ‘Look! Water! What prevents me from being baptized?’
Believers often received baptism immediately after conversion. The Ethiopian eunuch sought to be baptized immediately after hearing the Gospel of Jesus Christ and believing (Acts 8:25-40). Consider also the the Lord Jesus Christ Himself Who received baptism in the Jordan River and “fulfilled all righteousness” (Matthew 3:15). Immediately after Jesus rose from the water, the heavens opened and the Spirit of God descended upon Jesus as a dove and rested upon Him. Furthermore, a voice out of heaven said: “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased” (Matthew 3:17). Just before Jesus ascended into heaven, He commanded His disciples to baptize believers. In Matthew 28:19 Jesus commanded: “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.” Following the example and command of the Lord Jesus Christ, New Testament believers expressed their faith in Jesus Christ and proclaimed their salvation by receiving baptism. Jesus expected that every believer would be baptized. In the early church, we see the close relationship between salvation and baptism: “So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand souls” (Acts 2:41).
Identification with Christ
Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life.
Baptism symbolizes the believer being submerged into the death of Christ and raised with Christ to walk in newness of life to the glory of God (Romans 6:4). Colossians 2:12 provides a similar view of baptism: “having been buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised up with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead.” In both of these passages, baptism identifies the believer with Christ in two ways. First, each believer submerges in the water which pictures identification with the death and burial of Christ. Each believer has been crucified with Christ so that the old self with its passions and desires has died (Galatians 2:20, 5:24). Second, every believer rises from baptism into the same standing that Christ had before God the Father (who said, “my Beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased,”) because we have become the sons of God, and fellow heirs with Christ (Romans 8:17). Believers also called upon the name of Jesus Christ in baptism (Acts 22:16). While the New Testament never teaches that baptism saves anyone, because only faith in Christ brings salvation (Romans 5:8-9; Ephesians 2:8-9), baptism does symbolize cleansing from sin. In Hebrews 10:22, the believers draw near to God, “having hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.” Likewise, 1 Corinthians 6:11 describes believers as “washed,” “sanctified,” and “justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.” Ephesians 1:3 states “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ.”
Baptism: Ordinance, Not Sacrament
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ,
When a person receives Christ and His forgiveness by faith, Christ enters his life as Lord and Savior. At that moment, the believer has been made complete in Christ and blessed with every blessing in Christ in the heavenly places, even while living on earth (Ephesians 1:3). The believer does not depend upon anything except direct union with God to bring grace into his life. In contrast, some churches wrongly teach that “sacraments” are a means of God’s grace. Indeed, some churches mislead believers by holding that in the sacraments, the benefits of the new covenant are sealed and applied to believers (Reformed Church, Roman Catholic Church). Therefore, because the Bible informs us that God’s grace comes by faith alone, we do not recognize “sacraments,” but understand that many people still use the term. In contrast, the term “ordinance” conveys the truth that Baptism and the Lord’s Supper are symbols of great events in the life of the church, but never communicate God’s grace in themselves. For example, the Lord Jesus said that the cup of the Lord’s Supper “is the new covenant in My blood.” He meant that we drink the cup in remembrance of Him, not as an infusion of grace or the application of the New Covenant. As believers, we receive the blessings of the New Covenant by faith in Christ alone, so that we are a “letter of Christ,” written with the Spirit of the living God (2 Corinthians 3:2-3, Page 1807). Therefore, we serve as ministers of the New Covenant (2 Corinthians 3:6), not because of the Lord’s Supper, but because of our faith in Christ. The New Testament knows nothing of “sacraments,” and never teaches that “sacraments” are a means of grace, or in any way seal or apply the New Covenant to believers. Furthermore, the New Testament teaches that the Holy Spirit communicates all truth directly to believers (John 16:13; 1 John 2:27). Paul wrote: “For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit” (1 Corinthians 12:13).
Union with the Body of Christ
For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and were all made to drink of one Spirit.
1 Corinthians 12:13
In baptism, the new believer identifies himself with Christ and with the body of Christ, the church. As individuals become believers in Christ, at the moment of spiritual rebirth, each believer joins the Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:12-14: the body of Christ has many members, but forms one body). Jesus Himself baptizes each believer in the Holy Spirit, and so we are all baptized into one body, the body of Jesus Christ, called the church. Likewise, believers also become united together as one holy temple of the Lord, and “are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit” (Ephesians 2:22).
Baptism Never Saves
And He said to him, ‘Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise.’
Some people wrongly teach that baptism is essential to salvation and without baptism, you will not go to heaven. Those people even quote verses from the Bible that they claim teach this false doctrine of baptismal regeneration. One example shows the error of baptismal regeneration. Consider the thief on the cross next to Jesus Christ. After that thief made a profession of faith while hanging on the cross, Jesus promised him that he would be with Jesus in paradise the same day. Of course the thief never received baptism, but went to paradise with Jesus (Luke 23:43). Also, consider Acts 10:44-48. In this passage, Gentiles believed in the name of Jesus Christ, and they received forgiveness of sins (Acts 10:43). The Holy Spirit then fell upon those believers, and the new believers began speaking in known tongues, exalting God (Acts 10:46). Notice that these believers received the Holy Spirit and spoke in tongues before they were baptized. Therefore, because the people had received the Holy Spirit and were already speaking in tongues, we know from the text that they were already saved. Only believers have the Holy Spirit poured out upon them. Only believers speak in known tongues, under the influence of the Holy Spirit, exalting God. Notice, they were saved before they were baptized in this passage. Therefore, salvation came before baptism. The people were not baptized until Acts 10:48. So, no one can argue that you must be baptized to be saved, because the thief on the cross was saved, but never baptized, and the believers in Acts 10:44-48 were saved and then baptized. Acts 8:36 states “As they went along the road they came to some water; and the eunuch said, ‘Look! Water! What prevents me from being baptized?'” Every Believer Baptized. Philip met an Ethiopian eunuch on a deserted road, and shared the Gospel of Jesus Christ with that eunuch. Immediately the eunuch believed and exclaimed that they had come upon water and he wanted to be baptized immediately.
Baptism: Believers Only
But when they believed Philip preaching the good news about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were being baptized, men and women alike.
Infants lack the capacity to believe the Gospel, and so infant baptism does nothing for the infant. Because baptism symbolizes and proclaims your personal faith in Jesus Christ, infants can never have such faith because they lack the capacity to understand. Therefore, baptism applies only to believers of all ages. Some children can truly understand the Gospel of Jesus Christ and believe for salvation. They are valid candidates for baptism. If you have not been baptized after you have been born again in Jesus, then let us know and you can be baptized immediately (Acts 8:35-39).
Immediately coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens opening, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him;
Baptism means to be immersed. Jesus was baptized by being immersed in the Jordan river. He went into the river to be baptized. John baptized where there was much water. The Ethiopian eunuch went down into the water to be baptized. In the New Testament, the physical pattern of baptism symbolizes the spiritual reality of being baptized. God says that we have been baptized with Christ into His death, and resurrected from death to eternal life, so that we are free from sin (Romans 6:5-7; Colossians 2:12).
First Steps in Christ–Step Three–Baptism