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Eternal Life

A Short Note of Hades

I have heard much confusion about the doctrine of Hades. While some people see different compartments of Hades, the New Testament never describes any believer as going to Hades. In fact, only unbelievers in the New Testament go to Hades. So, any notion that Hades contains two compartments does not come from the Bible, but from completely uninspired sources. God reveals the truth. The God of the Bible does not promote symbols of idolatry in the Bible and does not encourage the pagan thoughts of local religious cultures in the Bible. God opposes all idolatry and never calls evil good. God always reveals the truth and explains the truth. Therefore, we must look to the New Testament usage of the term “Hades” to understand what God meant by that term.

In the New Testament, the term “Hades” occurs only ten times and apparently refers to a jail where unbelievers await trial at the Great White Throne judgment.

  1. Matthew 11:23. Capernaum will descend into Hades, because they had not believed the miracles which Jesus performed in Capernaum.
  2. Matthew 16:18. The gates of Hades cannot withstand the Church of Jesus Christ. 
  3. Luke 10:15. Capernaum will be brought down to Hades because it has rejected Christ as Savior, despite the great works done there.
  4. Luke 16:23. The rich man suffers in torment in Hades, where he lifts his eyes to behold Lazarus who is resting on the bosom of Abraham. Notice that Lazarus was never described as being in Hades. A great gulf separates Hades from Paradise, where Abraham and Lazarus enjoy the presence of Jesus.
  5. Acts 2:27. The Psalmist David prophesied about Jesus, declaring that the soul of Jesus will never be abandoned to Hades, and Jesus will never undergo decay. Therefore, we know that Hades is a place where souls are abandoned by God and await final judgment. Their physical bodies are simultaneously undergoing decay in tombs on earth.
  6. Acts 2:31. Resurrection to life stands in opposition to being abandoned to Hades. Jesus was resurrected to life and His soul was never abandoned to Hades.  God will empty Hades and all its inhabitants will go to the Great White Throne judgment. Based upon Acts 2:31 quoting Psalm 16:10, Peter used the term “Hades” to translate the term “Sheol.” Therefore, we know that Sheol in the Old Testament included a place called Hades in the New Testament.
  7. Revelation 1:18. Jesus is the Living One, who was dead and now alive forevermore. He has the keys of death and of Hades. We will see Jesus use the keys of death and Hades to unlock both of them at the Great White Throne judgment. Notice too that death and Hades operate as places kept under lock and key. Apparently, they will only be opened when Jesus unlocks the doors and opens them.
  8. Revelation 6:8. Hades followed Death, the fourth Horsemen of the Apocalypse. The culmination of the judgments brought by the first three Horsemen of the Apocalypse results in Death, with the unsaved dead going to Hades.
  9. Revelation 20:13. At the Great White Throne Judgment, death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them. Each one of their inhabitants were judged according to that inhabitant’s deeds.
  10. Revelation 20:14.  Everyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the Lake of Fire. Because every believer goes to a resurrection of life and not a resurrection of judgment, no believer will appear at the Great White Throne Judgment. Therefore, no believer emerges from Hades to appear before the Great White Throne judgment.

Based upon the New Testament usage of word “Hades,” we may conclude that no believer goes to Hades, and Jesus has the keys to death and Hades. They will be emptied at the Great White Throne Judgment, and no believer appears before the Great White Throne for judgment about eternal life. That question about eternal life was settled upon earth, when each person decided whether to accept the free gift of eternal life, or to reject that gift and suffer the consequence of eternal death in the Lake of Fire. Every believer can thank God because the soul of Jesus was never abandoned to Hades, and so no believer will ever be abandoned to Hades. We will go to a resurrection of life, and be with Jesus forever.


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Christ Assembly provides free access to various studies from the Bible, the Word of God. The studies in this website are not inspired, but God produced the Bible, consisting of sixty-nine books (39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament). The Holy Spirit inspired authors to produce original autographs of the Bible in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. Those original authors wrote over the course of many centuries. They wrote divinely inspired words and every word was divinely inspired. The authors communicated in their own styles, and with their own vocabulary, but God breathed out every word of the final autographs. The words in the Bible really matter, and deserve careful study. 
As we study, we seek to love Jesus more because His word has instructed us so that we learn His ways. Eternal life consists in knowing God the Father, and Jesus Christ Whom God sent. As the eternal God of Glory, One with His Father, the Son of God took flesh and dwelt among us. Because of His death, He used His blood to purchase our redemption. He was raised for our justification. We now live by faith in the Son of God, Who loved us and gave Himself for us. By the grace of God, the Holy Spirit abides in every born-again believer and fills us with His presence and blessings. He leads us into all truth. Jesus is the truth, and the way, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Jesus, our Lord. 
We look forward to His imminent return to the clouds of earth, to snatch away the believers alive on earth, so that we may be forever with the Lord. When He returns to the clouds, He will bring with Him all those people in Christ who died before His return to the clouds. We encourage one another with the promises of God, Who makes our path grow brighter and brighter, until the full light of day shines forth. We love Jesus and look forward to seeing Him soon. After Jesus removes the believers from the earth, then a terrible period of seven years follows where God brings measured and precise judgments upon the people alive on earth. God cut those days of  Tribulation short, or no flesh would have been saved. Jesus will then return to earth, slay His enemies, and place His feet on the Mount of Olives where He ascended to heaven. He will then reign on earth for a thousand years, and believers will reign with Him. After the Millennial Reign of Christ, all unbelievers will be judged at the Great White Throne Judgment, and they will suffer according to their deeds done on earth. They will be cast into the Lake of Fire, a place of torment night and day for eternity, because they never received the free gift of salvation while alive on earth. One day, every knee will bow and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord, to the glory of God. Today we invite you to come and see Jesus, and learn from Him, for He is gentle and humble in heart. Take His yoke upon you, for His burden is easy and His yoke is light. He will give you rest for your soul as you trust Him. We receive salvation only from Jesus, by faith alone in Jesus, Who gives us the free gift of eternal life. 
We accept the teaching of the Word of God. As born again believers, baptized by Jesus with the Holy Spirit, the anointing from God teaches us all things. We love to study the Word of God as we abide in Christ Jesus our Lord. God blesses all of us when we read His word, hear His word, and heed His word. We share original studies of the Word of God without cost and we do not receive donations. We support the finances of this ministry through private means, so that we are not a burden to anyone. We oppose charging people to read books, articles, journals or other studies of the Word of God. Such work should be supported by donations, but not in prescribed amounts and not as a requirement to gain access to what God has freely provided. What God has freely given, we should freely share. Just as Paul worked making tents, so we work to support this ministry. 

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