081819.ca_.logo_.jpg

Expository Studies

Play Video
Play Video

Daily Encouragement

Play Video

May 3, 2011

John 20:21, Page 1696

“So Jesus said to them again, ‘Peace be with you; as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.'”

The Post-Resurrection Ministry of Jesus

Part VII

“I Also Send You”

      Jesus used His post-resurrection ministry to strengthen and commission His disciples.  They had their fears and doubts, and He blessed them with peace, peace like only He gives (John 14:27, page 1685).  Jesus has been following  His Father’s plan all His life, and speaking His Fathers exact words (John 12:49, page 1682), and doing the Father’s works (John 5:20, page 1662; John 5:36,   page 1663).  Jesus fully accomplished all the things set before Him by the Father (John 17:4, page 1689; John19:30, page 1694).  Jesus continued His ministry after the resurrection, and He comforted and prepared the disciples for greater service.  Remember, Jesus Himself had promised the disciples, that after He had gone to His Father (John 14:12, page 1685), they would do greater works than Jesus did before His crucifixion.   During this time after His crucifixion and before He ascended, we see Jesus still at work with His disciples and lavishing His love upon them.

      When the Doors Were Shut.  In John 20:19, page 1696, we read that on the first day of the week, Resurrection Sunday, the disciples had gathered together and shut the door for fear of the Jews.    As they hid in fear, Jesus appeared and stood in their midst and said to them, “Peace be with you” (“Εἰρήνη ὑμῖν“).  We need to keep in mind the different ways that Jesus convinced different people that He had risen from the dead, and also taught them about their new mission in life. 

       He Showed Them His Hands and His Side.   In John 20:20, page 1696, we read about the first post-resurrection appearance to the ten disciples.  As soon as He greeted them, Jesus showed them both His hands and His side.  They rejoiced when they saw the Lord.  Jesus always loves to make people rejoice in Him.  He always cares about boosting your mood and spiritual power in joy.

       I Also Send You.  In John 20:21, page 1696, we read that Jesus again said: “Peace be with you;”  One of things I love most about Jesus is the way He is all about peace in my life.  At this moment of fear about the Jews, and the doubts about His resurrection, we see Jesus appear and bid His disciples peace.    Jesus always cares about how I feel, and He loves to bring peace into my troubled heart.  Not only did He bid them peace again, but He also commissioned them.  Jesus in short words told them that just as the Father had sent Him into the world, so He sends His disciples (us) into the world.  Directly tied to sending the disciples, He also promised them the gift of the Holy Spirit.

      Receive the Holy Spirit.  In John 20:22, page 196, we read the words: “Receive the Holy Spirit” (“Λάβετε πνεῦμα ἅγιον“).  This command from Jesus to receive the Holy Spirit related directly to His previous words to them concerning the future role of the Holy Spirit in their lives after He would ascend to heaven.  In John 14:17, page 1685, Jesus had taught them earlier in the same week that the Father would give them another Helper, just like Jesus.  The original text makes it plain that this new Helper would be another of the same kind (“ἄλλον“) as Jesus, that is, they would both be divine, all powerful, all knowing, present everywhere and always, and never changing.  The Helper would also love the disciples just like Jesus and the Father loved them and each other.  The disciples already knew the Spirit of Truth, because He abided with them, but in the future, He will abide within them (John 14:17, page 1685) and fill them and other believers (Acts 2:1-36, page 1700-1702; Acts 4:8, page 1705; Acts 4:31, page 1706; Acts 9:17, page 1716; Acts 13:52, page 1727; Ephesians 5:18, page 1832).  The Holy Spirit will also teach the disciples all things, and bring to their remembrance all the Jesus had said to them (John 14:25, page 1685).  Jesus had told them about His departure and the new ministry of the Holy Spirit in their lives, so that they would believe when it happened (John 14:29, page 1685). 

      Forgiveness of Sins.  In John 20:23, page 1696, we read now about the mission of the disciples.  Notice the progression here:  (1) Jesus has commissioned them and sent them in John 20:21, page 1696; (2) Jesus has commanded them to receive the Holy Spirit in John 20:22, page 1696; and now (3) He describes their mission to them, John 20:23, page 1696.  We must always keep in mind that only God can forgive sins (Mark 2:5-11, page 1560).  Jesus had that authority to forgive sins on earth because He paid the price for our sin on the cross, and completely removed all eternal penalties for sin by His sacrifice once and for all people who receive Him and for all times.  Now, He commissions the disciples to spread this gift of forgiveness of sins (consider Acts 3:1-9, page 1703; and Ephesians 2:8-9, page 1828).  To whomever they gave this gift of salvation by faith through their ministry of preaching the word of God (Romans 10:17, page 1773), their sins were forgiven.  Likewise, whomever did not receive their gift of salvation, died in their sins (John 8:24, page 1671).  Jesus sent the disciples with the same authority to proclaim forgiveness of sins that He possessed, in the sense that He came to proclaim the good news of salvation.  They knew the truth of salvation, and they were to share it with the entire world, in His name and with His authority.  No one should be confused that the disciples had some special power to forgive sins by their acts or words, because only God can forgive sins, and He does that through faith in Christ alone.  No disciple of Christ ever died for the sins of anyone, and no disciple ever removed sin by His life or death.    Also notice the exact words used in John 20:23, page 1696.    The original text draws attention to the completed act of forgiveness (“ἀφῆτε“), and then the continuing state of forgiveness (“ἀφέωνται“).    The disciples were not removing sins, but describing how God had placed sin upon Christ at the cross, and having been forgiven we hold the gift that keeps us in the state of forgiveness.  The disciples should take away from this commission that they were vital to the plan of salvation as proclaimers of salvation.  Jesus sent them to proclaim the good news of forgiveness of sins (Luke 24:47, page 1653), by the power of the Holy Spirit (compare Acts 1:8, page 1698 for this same link between the coming of the Holy Spirit in power upon the disciples and then they witness to the world about Christ and His loving forgiveness).  Conversely, if the disciples did not proclaim forgiveness of sins, then the sins would be retained.  Without the communication of the gospel of salvation, the people would not be able to hear and believe (Romans 10:11-17, pages 1772-1773).  Finally, notice that not just Peter, but all the disciples were promised the “keys of the kingdom of heaven,” so that whatever they bound upon earth would be bound in heaven, and whatever they loosed on earth would be loosed in heaven (Peter–Matthew 16:19, page 1530; all the disciples–Matthew 18:18, page 1533).    The keys of heaven imply the ability to open the door in a figurative sense, and that sense is through the ministry of the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the world for salvation.  We see the promise that Jesus would build His church using His disciples to proclaim salvation in Christ alone by faith reiterated here in John 20:23, page 1696.

         So we begin to learn about the Post-Resurrection Ministry of Jesus.

       ●  Jesus sent us as His disciples to proclaim salvation, just as His Father had sent Him.

       ●  Jesus has fulfilled the promise of the Holy Spirit coming, and now He lives within us and fills us.

       ●  Jesus has commissioned us to proclaim salvation in His name, so that people may be freed from their sins, and live in righteousness.

Application for Today

        Today I know that Jesus sent me to proclaim salvation to my friends and neighbors.  I will experience the Holy Spirit moving me, and giving me the words to speak in the Name of Jesus of Nazareth, the Lord of this universe.  I want to proclaim His gift of life today.  Will you be proclaiming Jesus in the power of the Holy Spirit today?

 

 Christ Assembly Basics 

Christ Assembly provides free access to various studies from the Bible, the Word of God. The studies in this website are not inspired, but God produced the Bible, consisting of sixty-nine books (39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament). The Holy Spirit inspired authors to produce original autographs of the Bible in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. Those original authors wrote over the course of many centuries. They wrote divinely inspired words and every word was divinely inspired. The authors communicated in their own styles, and with their own vocabulary, but God breathed out every word of the final autographs. The words in the Bible really matter, and deserve careful study. 
 
As we study, we seek to love Jesus more because His word has instructed us so that we learn His ways. Eternal life consists in knowing God the Father, and Jesus Christ Whom God sent. As the eternal God of Glory, One with His Father, the Son of God took flesh and dwelt among us. Because of His death, He used His blood to purchase our redemption. He was raised for our justification. We now live by faith in the Son of God, Who loved us and gave Himself for us. By the grace of God, the Holy Spirit abides in every born-again believer and fills us with His presence and blessings. He leads us into all truth. Jesus is the truth, and the way, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Jesus, our Lord. 
 
We look forward to His imminent return to the clouds of earth, to snatch away the believers alive on earth, so that we may be forever with the Lord. When He returns to the clouds, He will bring with Him all those people in Christ who died before His return to the clouds. We encourage one another with the promises of God, Who makes our path grow brighter and brighter, until the full light of day shines forth. We love Jesus and look forward to seeing Him soon. After Jesus removes the believers from the earth, then a terrible period of seven years follows where God brings measured and precise judgments upon the people alive on earth. God cut those days of  Tribulation short, or no flesh would have been saved. Jesus will then return to earth, slay His enemies, and place His feet on the Mount of Olives where He ascended to heaven. He will then reign on earth for a thousand years, and believers will reign with Him. After the Millennial Reign of Christ, all unbelievers will be judged at the Great White Throne Judgment, and they will suffer according to their deeds done on earth. They will be cast into the Lake of Fire, a place of torment night and day for eternity, because they never received the free gift of salvation while alive on earth. One day, every knee will bow and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord, to the glory of God. Today we invite you to come and see Jesus, and learn from Him, for He is gentle and humble in heart. Take His yoke upon you, for His burden is easy and His yoke is light. He will give you rest for your soul as you trust Him. We receive salvation only from Jesus, by faith alone in Jesus, Who gives us the free gift of eternal life. 
 
We accept the teaching of the Word of God. As born again believers, baptized by Jesus with the Holy Spirit, the anointing from God teaches us all things. We love to study the Word of God as we abide in Christ Jesus our Lord. God blesses all of us when we read His word, hear His word, and heed His word. We share original studies of the Word of God without cost and we do not receive donations. We support the finances of this ministry through private means, so that we are not a burden to anyone. We oppose charging people to read books, articles, journals or other studies of the Word of God. Such work should be supported by donations, but not in prescribed amounts and not as a requirement to gain access to what God has freely provided. What God has freely given, we should freely share. Just as Paul worked making tents, so we work to support this ministry. 
 

 Christ Assembly License

The author of all original material on this website retains all legal and equitable rights to the properties at issue. The author granted Christ Assembly a limited-use, revocable license to publish material on this website, while reserving all ownership rights to the original author. You may use any original material on this website to the glory of God, but you may not receive anything of value for such use. You may not receive any donations related to any original material on this website. All use of original material on this website is subject to the revocable, limited license above. You must conspicuously indicate on any use of the original material that it originated from ChristAssembly.org.  Any revocation of the license shall be posted on this website and all rights to use material may be revoked without prior notice. By copying and using any original material from this website, you consent to such license. Christ Assembly opposes any payment for access to studies, articles, journals, or other publications of studies concerning the Word of God. As God has freely given, so also the products of His grace should be freely shared.