The Books of Life │ Expository Bible Studies │ Christ Assembly

Book of Wanderings–Summary

1. Account. God has taken account of the wanderings of David.

2. Written. Apparently all the days of David’s life are recorded in the Book of Wanderings.

3. Comfort. David took comfort knowing that all his wanderings were recorded by God in  the Book of Wanderings.

Book of the Righteous

In Psalm 69:28, King David wrote about his enemies, who hate him without cause. They were more numerous than the hairs of his head. We have discussed the Book of the Living mentioned in Psalm 69:28 above. Now we will focus upon the record of the righteous in the same verse. This verse helps us with timing issues regarding when the two books were written.

Psalm 69:28, Page 908

May they be blotted out of the book of life and may they not be recorded with the righteous.

David petitioned God that his enemies would not be “recorded with the righteous.” As we have seen above, at the same time David prayed for his enemies to be blotted out of the Book of the Living, David also prayed for enemies not be written in the Book of the Righteous. Therefore, we know that his enemies had not yet been recorded in the Book of the Righteous. The timing here helps us distinguish this book for New Testament books written before the foundation of the world.

Book of the Righteous–Summary

1. Evil People. David prayed that God would not include his enemies in the Book of the Righteous.

2. Written. The Book of Righteousness was apparently written during the lifetime of the righteous, or perhaps later. 

3. Book of Living Contrasted. David prayed that his enemies would be blotted out of the Book of the Living, meaning he wanted God to take their physical life. He also wanted God not to write their names in the Book of the Righteous. Notice that evil names had not been written previously in the Book of the Righteous, because David knew they had not been written there as of the date he prayed for their names to be blotted out of the Book of the Living. Therefore, the Book of the Righteous overlaps the Book of the Living with names written in both during the lifetime of the believer. David does not pray the names would be blotted out of the Book of the Righteous. 

Book of Days

In Psalm 139:16, 1See pagf the Study Bible. we learn that all the days of each individual’s life on earth are recorded in a particular book.

Psalm 139:16, Page 993

Your eyes have seen my unformed substance; and in Your book were all written the days that were ordained for me, when as yet there was not one of them.

David wrote about a special book written before he was born. In fact, David knows that the eyes of God have seen his unformed substance. 2The Hebrew term here for “unformed substance” (“גָּלְמִי”) does not appear elsewhere in the Old Testament in that form. The root may mean “embryo.” The point is that God sees the development of human life. The Book of the Living appears to be a book that has your name written at conception and then blotted out at death. This book mentioned in Psalm 139:16, 3See page 993 of the Study Bible. was written before conception or birth. 4See 139:14, page 993 of the Study Bible. Therefore, it does seem to fit with the Book of the Living because it was written at a different time. Therefore, I will label it the Book of the Days. The number of days of our lives are “ordained” by God. 5The Hebrew term “ordained” (“יֻצָּרוּ”) means created, formed, or fashioned. In Isaiah 45:9, page 1142, God used the same term to describe earthenware created by a potter; God symbolized humans talking back to God, their Creator, as a pot talking back to the Potter. Notice here that all our days were ordained by God and a record of all those days were written in the Book of Days before there was one of those days, that is, before we were even born and had our first day.

Book of Days–Summary

1. Unformed Substance. David knew that God’s eyes have seen his unformed substance.

2. Written. The Book of Days was written before David was conceived, that is, when there was not yet one of his days. 

3. Content. The Book of Days contains a complete record of all the days David lived on earth. As he wept and went through difficult times, He knew that all his days were already recorded in the Book of Days, which displays God’s omniscience.

3. Book of Living Contrasted. The Book of the Living contains the names of everyone alive on earth at any given time. The Book of Days, in contrast, was written before the first day of David’s life on earth. So, we know that this Book of Days could not be the same book as the Book of the Living because they were written at different times. Furthermore, because the Book of the Righteous was written during the lifetime of David or later, the Book of Days could not be the same as the Book of the Righteous.

References │ Page Numbers Below Footnotes   [ + ]

1. See pagf the Study Bible.
2. The Hebrew term here for “unformed substance” (“גָּלְמִי”) does not appear elsewhere in the Old Testament in that form. The root may mean “embryo.” The point is that God sees the development of human life.
3. See page 993 of the Study Bible.
4. See 139:14, page 993 of the Study Bible.
5. The Hebrew term “ordained” (“יֻצָּרוּ”) means created, formed, or fashioned. In Isaiah 45:9, page 1142, God used the same term to describe earthenware created by a potter; God symbolized humans talking back to God, their Creator, as a pot talking back to the Potter.