The Books of Life │ Expository Bible Studies │ Christ Assembly

Book of Remembrance–Summary

1. Yahweh Heard. Yahweh heard those who feared Yahweh speaking to one another and Yahweh wrote a book of remembrance.

2. Yahweh Had the Book of Remembrance Written in the Presence of God.  The Book of Remembrance was written in the presence of Yahweh.

3. Written for Them.  Yahweh wrote the Book of Remembrance for those people who fear Yahweh.

4. Content.  The Book of Remembrance concerns the people who fear Yahweh and esteem Him.

Book of Life

We also read about a Book of Life in the New Testament. Born-again believers have their names written in the New Testament Book of Life. In Philippians 4:3 1Page 1839 of the Study Bible. we read about Clement and the rest of Paul’s fellow workers, whose names are written the Book of Life. 2The Greek phrase for “book of life” (“βίβλῳ ζωῆς“) here refers to believers who already have their names written the “book of life.” In the Johannine literature of the New Testament, John used the word “life” (“ζωῆς”) exclusively for spiritual, eternal life; compare the usage of the Old Testament term for “life” (“חַיִּים”) which meant physical, earthly life. For example, Jesus called himself the bread of life (” ἄρτος τῆς ζωῆς“) in John 6:35, page 1666.  In John 8:12, page 1670, Jesus called Himself the Light of Life (“τὸ φῶςτῆς ζωῆς“).

Philippians 4:3, Page 1839

Indeed, true companion, I ask you also to help these women who have shared my struggle in the cause of the gospel, together with Clement also and the rest of my fellow workers, who names are written in the book of life.

Therefore, we know that Paul’s fellow believers had their names written in the Book of life. Although Euodia and Syntyche may not have been living in harmony when Paul wrote Philippians, he certainly understood that their names were written in the Book of Life. In this context, it does not seem likely that Paul was only talking about physical life here on earth, but rather eternal life with Christ Jesus. Because Clement and the rest of the Paul’s fellow workers had struggled with Paul in sharing the gospel, they will also receive the benefit of the gospel, eternal life signified here by having their names written in the Book of Life.

Revelation 3:5, Page 1917

He who overcomes will thus be clothed in white garments; and I will not erase his name from the book of life, and I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels.

In Revelation 3:5, 3See page 1917 of the Study Bible. we also read that God will not 4The Greek phrase for not (“οὐ μὴ”–with the indicative following) emphasizes the absolute promise, under all possible circumstances, that God will not erase. “erase” 5The Greek term for “erase” (“ἐξαλείψω”) has an interesting usage in the New Testament. In Colossians 2:14, page 1843 the term “having cancelled out” (“ἐξαλείψας–notice the aorist participle) indicates the total and complete act of having cancelled the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us. In Revelation 7:17, page 1921,the same root term means that Jesus “will wipe away” (“ἐξαλείψει”) every tear from the eyes of every soul under the altar. Likewise, in Revelation 21:4, page 1939, God will wipe away (“ἐξαλείψει”) every tear from the eye of every believer in the new Jerusalem. In Acts 3:19, page 1704, Peter urged the crowd to repent and return to God, so that your sins “may be wiped away” (“ἐξαλειφθῆναι”). the name of an overcomer from the Book of life. Some interpreters try to suggest that the opposite must also be true. Namely, they teach that God can erase the names of some people out of this Book of Life. Yet, in Revelation 3:5, 6See page 975 of the Study Bible. John emphasized the exact opposite of that teaching: God never erases an overcomer’s name from the Book of Life. 7See https://bible.org/seriespage/revelation-appendix-3-who-are-overcomers for a discussion of the various views on the identity of “overcomers” in the New Testament. Furthermore, throughout his writings in the New Testament, and particularly here in Revelation 3:5, 8See page 975 of the Study Bible. John used the term “life” to describe the Book of Life, which contains only the names of born-again believers. 9See footnote 2 above. Therefore, we know that the Book of Life records the names of everyone who has spiritual, eternal life. In contrast, we noted above that the Old Testament Book of the Living contains a record of everyone physically alive on earth at any given time. So, from Revelation 3:5 10See page 1917 of the Study Bible. alone, we know that: (1) God clothes overcomers in white garments; and (2) Jesus will confess their names before His Father and before the Father’s angels; and (3) the names of the overcomers are written in the Book of Life; and (4) God will never erase the name of an overcomer from the Book of Life. All of those characteristics of the overcomers all pertain to spiritual, eternal life, and fully support the conclusion that the Book of Life only contains the names of born-again believers, and their names will never be erased from the Book of Life.

References │ Page Numbers Below Footnotes   [ + ]

1. Page 1839 of the Study Bible.
2. The Greek phrase for “book of life” (“βίβλῳ ζωῆς“) here refers to believers who already have their names written the “book of life.” In the Johannine literature of the New Testament, John used the word “life” (“ζωῆς”) exclusively for spiritual, eternal life; compare the usage of the Old Testament term for “life” (“חַיִּים”) which meant physical, earthly life. For example, Jesus called himself the bread of life (” ἄρτος τῆς ζωῆς“) in John 6:35, page 1666.  In John 8:12, page 1670, Jesus called Himself the Light of Life (“τὸ φῶςτῆς ζωῆς“).
3, 10. See page 1917 of the Study Bible.
4. The Greek phrase for not (“οὐ μὴ”–with the indicative following) emphasizes the absolute promise, under all possible circumstances, that God will not erase.
5. The Greek term for “erase” (“ἐξαλείψω”) has an interesting usage in the New Testament. In Colossians 2:14, page 1843 the term “having cancelled out” (“ἐξαλείψας–notice the aorist participle) indicates the total and complete act of having cancelled the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us. In Revelation 7:17, page 1921,the same root term means that Jesus “will wipe away” (“ἐξαλείψει”) every tear from the eyes of every soul under the altar. Likewise, in Revelation 21:4, page 1939, God will wipe away (“ἐξαλείψει”) every tear from the eye of every believer in the new Jerusalem. In Acts 3:19, page 1704, Peter urged the crowd to repent and return to God, so that your sins “may be wiped away” (“ἐξαλειφθῆναι”).
6, 8. See page 975 of the Study Bible.
7. See https://bible.org/seriespage/revelation-appendix-3-who-are-overcomers for a discussion of the various views on the identity of “overcomers” in the New Testament.
9. See footnote 2 above.